When planning a purchase of a used car, leave $ 500-1000 in reserve to bring it to reason. Otherwise, you can get to more expensive repairs.
Today, the market for used cars is such that 70-80% of cars are sold by so-called dealers. Their main task – to buy a car cheaply, “submatured” its appearance, to turn the odometer and to sell more expensive. The newly-made car owners get a car in which anything at all can be broken at any time. To minimize the possibility of occurrence of such problems allows a number of preventive procedures.
Not all cars have a system for monitoring the serviceability of lamps for light devices, so after buying a car, you should check whether all the lights, headlights, stop lamps, turn signals and back stroke work.
If you purchased a machine with gas cylinder equipment, you should immediately apply to the service station with good specialists to check the correctness of the installation and settings of the HBO. This is very important because it can greatly affect the engine life.
By the way, it is desirable that the HBO should be equipped with reliable production gas nozzles and a steam fraction filter with a tank, which will further protect the nozzles in case of refueling with low-grade gas. And pay attention to which multi-valve is installed in the gas cylinder. If it does not have an electric valve that increases the safety of the HBO, it is better to replace the multi-valve.
Brake pads and discs
Brake discs – parts are expensive, so no one changes them when selling a car. In the best case, they can put the cheapest brake pads. Therefore, after purchase, you need to pay attention to the size of the outer collar on the brake disk.
If its height is about 1 mm or more, you must necessarily check the thickness of the discs and, if necessary, replace them . As for brake pads, the critical thickness of their friction layer is 2 mm. If less, the pads need to be replaced.
Automatic gearbox – The unit is very expensive, as in the case of a new purchase, and in case of repair. Its resource depends on aggressive operation of the car and the timely replacement of oil and filter in it. Many people forget the last procedure or simply ignore them.
Therefore, if you bought a car from an ACP that was never serviced, you may soon need expensive repairs. This is usually $ 1000. To save them in the family budget, we recommend replacing the oil and filter in the AKP without delaying – immediately after purchase.
Replacing the oil and oil filter in the engine is one of the main tasks. To do this, it’s best to pick up a product that has been licensed by your car manufacturer. Otherwise, according to the best practices of the automobile manufacturer, select the operational properties (API, ACEA) and viscosity (SAE).
Timing belt – one of the elements of the drive gas distribution mechanism, which, in case of untimely replacement, can cause many problems. Due to its breakage and, as a result, the meeting of pistons with valves, the overhaul of the engine can cost a small amount – from 10 000 UAH.
So if you do not have access to service information when you change the strap and rollers of the timing, they are better to replace them soon after the purchase.
Filters in the car (fuel, oil, air, salon) after buying a car also often require replacement .
We note that it is better to look for a cabin filter, which effectively cleans the air from the components of the exhaust gases of the adjacent or counter vehicles.
The hub in the suspension is a sign of the wear of any hinged joints (stabilizer racks, ball bearings, steering tips), silent blocks, stabilizer sleeves, servo bearings, and bearings and shock absorbers. But, in addition to knocking knots, problems can be added torn pivots SHRUs, racks stabilizer, steering tips.
For example, in order to disable SHRUS (a hinge of equal angular velocities), it is enough for one rainy day of trips with the torn saw of this knot. It is for these reasons that the car after car purchase should be carefully diagnosed .
The battery is a weak link. If he has already served his own, in winter frosts your engine may not start. Therefore, after purchasing a car, you should check its production date.
If he is more than 4-5 years old, then there is a high probability of failure. In the event of frost damage, it may be difficult to start a cold engine. Therefore, it is better to replace the battery pack.
For the working condition of the engine it is not enough to change oil and filters in it. There is still a coolant. In addition to non-freezing properties, it must have protection against corrosion of all parts of the engine to which it comes in contact. In order to prevent the engine from freezing in the winter, it is advisable to check the freezing point of antifreeze.
Very often after the purchase of used cars it turns out that the brake fluid in them has never been changed. If you check the degree of humidity with a special tester, you can state: it already has so much moisture that it can boil in the first intense braking in warm weather, and in frost, there may be problems with the braking system through the formation of crystals of ice.